How Our Lives are Affected by Micro and Nanotechnology
Micro and nanotechnologies both aim to reduce the size of items in order to make them more compact and efficient. The impact of technology shrinking from micro to nano has made a huge difference in our day to day lives. Microtechnology is used to create miniature systems or items on the micrometer scale. Microscale items include printer heads, sensors, and integrated circuits. Overall size as well as the cost of fabricating circuits are two downsides of microelectronics. To handle this drawback nanotechnology is being employed. Nanotechnology is a buzzword nowadays but we are still unaware of its incredible effect on our daily lives.
Nanotechnology is the study of physical phenomena and the development of new gadgets and material structures in the physical size range of 1-100 nm. Every nanometre equals one billionth of a meter. Every part of our lives is impacted by nanotechnology. The impact of technology shrinking is one of the most fascinating technological developments of our time. At the molecular and atomic levels, the technology comprehends, blends, and forms matter.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Technological Advancement
The VLSI industry has continually shrunk the size of transistors in recent decades, allowing yet more transistors to be put onto the same chip area, allowing VLSI to be even more effective in its tasks. Nanotechnology is the next step in maintaining Moore’s law for another few decades as the usual feature size of CMOS VLSI shrinks into the deep submicron realm.
Every field, be it manufacturing, science, engineering, medicine and computers have all experienced the impact of technology shrinking from microtechnology to nanotechnology. Right now, you’re probably using something with a micro/nanochip in it. These chips are the brain that regulates almost every electronic gadget on the planet. They basically power the modern world. However, benefits aren’t a given. It does come with some drawbacks.
The Advantages of Technological Advancements are as follows:
- Offer ultra-high density system integration.
- It improves the resolution in the classic photolithography technique.
- Could be far more promising than lithographic-based integrated circuits.
- May provide a solution to increased fabrication cost.
- Could possibly replace or complement CMOS devices including nanowire, carbon nanotube transistors etc.
- Potential to allow integrated circuits to be scaled beyond the limits of today’s transistors.
- The density of memory chips is increasing.
- Nanolithography is utilised in the fabrication of chips.
- The size of transistors shrinks in integrated circuits.
- The display screens of electronic devices have improved.
- Reduced power consumption
- Weight decreases.
The Disadvantages of Technological Advancements are as follows:
- High variations and deteriorated reliability issues are predicted to be a major difficulty throughout manufacturing and chip operation.
- Defects and fault levels will undoubtedly be significantly greater than in present CMOS technology.
- Current parts of computer aided design tools would be helpful in nano-electronics but certain improvements and alterations are essential.
- Only the bottom-up fabrication techniques are possible for non-restorable two-terminal devices.
- Essential to bridge the dimensional gap between nanometer-scale pitch devices and lithographic-scale devices to offer an interface between nanodevice or nanowire and CMOS sub-systems.
Nanotechnology is indeed introducing fresh products to the market and several industries will witness the impact of technology shrinking. Fabrication processes, circuit layouts, design and simulation abilities for future nanotechnology-based nanoelectronic circuits are taught in VLSI courses. With expert trainers and flexible learning hours, the courses provided by ChipEdge will provide you with the best learning experience and an edge over others. Today, as you sit on your chair and read this, take a moment to appreciate the incredible chip that has made it a reality.
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